The Glory of China’s new Capitalism
But hides the decimation of China under Mao Zedong’s atheist based Marxist policies
Textbook says Chinese one child per family policy offered incentives for couples to have only one child and “increasingly severe disincentives” for those who refused to cooperate. p. 98, Human Geography, Knox, Marston
“Disincentives?” Yes, I suppose that throwing women in jail, ordering forced abortions, having their babies killed as soon as they are born and burning down the houses of couples who disobey their government’s mandate, could be called disincentives.(1) But I think it would be more accurate and less disingenuous to call them punishments.
But at least the text here admits some of the sordid reality of China and it also makes a very brief statement about the forced migrations of 17 million Chinese to rural communes under the Marxist governments order. (2) Mao’s name is never mentioned, the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution are never explained and human rights violations under Mao’s imposed atheism are also ignored. The failure of Communism is only mentioned in brief as a background for the discussion of the major changes toward private entrepreneurship and capitalism pioneered by China’s new leader, Deng Xiopang.
Our other textbook is much more candid (though I believe it is no longer in use) so we will let it fill us in a little on the history of the brilliant atheistic and evolutionary based doctrines under which Mao attempted to enlighten his fellow Chinese. Not that human rights and opportunities haven’t improved in China recently; you are now free to choose your own marriage partner and to move somewhere else in the nation to live, and you can even own property. (3) These kinds of human rights so common among the Western societies are just now coming into existence in China, Korea and other Asian countries where either powerful governments or traditions of family structure or other sources of power have never permitted even the concept of individual freedom to blossom.
The second textbook, World Regional Geography, points out that the Chinese government still allows little freedom of conscience in religion, and police power and the structure of the court system allow the average citizen little access to justice (p. 208). The concept of governments being answerable to or under an all-powerful God, or that this God gives inalienable rights to all human beings was never a foundational part of Asian religions. Nor is the concept found in the atheist world views espoused by Karl Marx, known as Marxism.
And Mao was a doctrinaire Marxist who believed the idea of a Creator God was merely a tool invented to manipulate people and lull them to sleep. To Mao, as with all Marxists, government is God and the people only needed to look to the government and faithfully obey its mandates and all their needs would be met.
Unfortunately for the Chinese people, it didn’t work out that way.
Human Geography does note the forced migration of up to 17 million people to rural communes which, like their Russian counterparts, failed to ever meet the productivity levels of privately owned and operated farms. The poor results of Mao’s cooperative farms along with his attempt at rural industry during his “Great Leap Forward” campaign led to the death of over 30 million people. Those kinds of death tolls are hard for us to even fathom, here in the Western Nations, but they were common in both Russia and China under Marxist regimes.
After the failure of his economic policies, Mao mounted the Cultural Revolution in which he sent his young Red Guards to attack and wipe out any relics of Chinese culture or tradition and to destroy any remaining political structure outside of communism. He also ordered all ties or links to the west to be obliterated.
We have already mentioned his forced one child only policy as far as the coercion the government used against the women and families that resisted the mandate. Not only were the women persecuted, their husbands could lose their jobs, health care, and schooling for their existing children. They also could be excluded from social clubs and civic organizations. Other results were the common murder of baby girls all over China, but particularly in the rural provinces. I could find no mention of this aspect of the Chinese birth policy in the book, Human Geography. This murderous infanticide of little girls and abortion of girls has led to some interesting ratios between men and women and young and old in China. (4)
For example in 1970 there were 6 children to every old person, now there are 2 old persons for every child. Demographers predict that by 2025 there could be tens of millions of marriageable men who will not be able to find wives in China. The shortage of young women in China has already led to increased sex trafficking from North Korea and Burma for prostitution and marriage. And though the book doesn’t mention it, no doubt HIV with all its death, disease and trauma, as well as the usual practice of killing or abandoning HIV children, will follow.
The absolute devastation of the forcing of atheist economic theories on the Chinese nation by Mao and his cohorts has been studiously avoided by the writers of the textbook Human Geography, a book seeing major use at our Eastern Washington University at Cheney. If you’re a parent with a child at EWU, or any American college, you really might want to take a look at what your child is learning.
(1) World Regional Geography, McGraw-Hill, p. 203
(2) Human Geography, Knox, Marston, p. 94
(3) World Regional Geography, p. 208
(4) World Regional Geography p. 201, 203